Members of parliament in Togo have approved amendments to the constitution that may permit President Faure Gnassingbe to rule until 2030. The election laws were reformed with a five-year cap on the presidency with a six-year cap on the legislature. There is a two term limit for Presidents but it does not apply to retroactively to Gnassingbe who is currently in his third term. the amendments also give immunity from criminal prosecution to past presidents for any crimes they have have committed when they were in power.
Protests in Togo erupted in 2017 when a coalition of political parties and other civil groups demanded that Faure Gnassingbe resign from office. Faure has been president since 2005. They demanded changes to national election laws that would have prevented Gnassingbe from running again in 2020. The government responded to the protesters by having the military and the police forcibly step in. There were dozens of deaths and hundreds of protesters locked up. As a result the opposition boycotted the elections in December 2018. However, the elections went on and Gnassingbe’s political party (Union for the Republic) won 59 out of 91 seats. The Gnassingbe family has ruled Togo for 52 years.
Unfortunately corruption still remains a serious problem in Togo. According to Transparency International its ranking is 129 out of 180 countries listed with a score of only 30 on a scale of 0 (Highly Corrupt) to 100 (Very Clean).